María de los Ángeles Alvariño González 105 years ago, in the Serantes parish of Ferrol, María de los Ángeles Alvariño González , known as Ángeles Alvariño, was born. Galician that was key in the case of the Canarian girls Anna and Olivia , allegedly kidnapped, murdered and thrown to the bottom of the sea six months ago by their father, Tomás Gimeno. It’s not by chance. As La Voz reported on June 28 , the ship was named in honor of this distinguished Galician, the only Spanish scientist to appear in the Encyclopedia of World Scientists, where the thousand most important world scientists of all time are present. Severo Ochoa and Ramón y Cajal, both Nobel laureates, are the other two Spaniards who complete this selection of researchers.
WHO IS María de los Ángeles Alvariño González?
The daughter of a doctor and a piano teacher, Ángeles Alvariño González was a restless girl, always eager to learn, as she showed during her high school studies in Santiago. She later moved to Madrid to study Natural Sciences, but the close relationship that she maintained with nature throughout her life was forged long before her, during her childhood. Even the day of his birth, October 3, 1916, was a stormy day, ” with strong winds, big waves and heavy rain “, as Alberto Gonzalo-Garcés, a researcher at the Spanish Oceanographic Institute in Vigo and author of the book Ángeles Alvariño González, world-renowned marine researcher . «It was always said that those conditions forged his character », he commented three years ago to the editor of this newspaper Xavier Fonseca.
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Maria de los Angeles Alvariño Gonzalez she spent afternoons and afternoons on Doniños beach, facing the Atlantic, curious, looking at the sea. She always tried to stay as close to the coast as possible and after being forced to temporarily abandon her higher education at the start of the Civil War, she returned to her hometown, where she dedicated herself to learning German, English and French, but where she also began to investigate the Galician coast. When she finished the war, she returned to Madrid, she finished her degree, she married the captain of the Navy Eugenio Leira Manso and at the age of 34 she joined the Spanish Institute of Oceanography (IEO) as a fellow, where she was stationed husband of her Two years later, she got a position as a biologist at the Vigo Oceanographic Center and focused on the study of zooplankton (animals that float in salty or fresh water). She discovered 22 new species of plankton.
Work OF Ángeles Alvariño
The works of María de los Ángeles Alvariño González were so brilliant that they did not go unnoticed, and after passing through the Laboratory of the Marine Biological Association, in the United Kingdom. she became, in 1953, the first woman scientist on board a ship. British research. In 1956 she packed her bags again and went to the United States, where, backed by Mary Sears, another pioneer in this field, she began working at the Scripps Institution of Oceanography in La Jolla, California, where she remained until 1970. « A innovation he or more important in his career. She discovered new things that at that time were unknown to two oceans », points out Gonzalo-Garcés. And he adds: «She was also a pioneer in vindicating two rights of scientific women not referring to equal pay when working in the United States. She even made a formal claim requesting that her salaries be the same as two of her male colleagues.
Since 2012, its name is also that of the oceanographic vessel Ángeles Alvariño, a 47-meter-long research vessel. In 2015, the Royal Galician Academy of Sciences honored María de los Ángeles Alvariño González by dedicating the Science Day in Galicia to her.